sexta-feira, 11 de março de 2011

A Grécia ao fundo do túnel


Quem ainda não percebeu que a austeridade no contexto de uma recessão pode aumentar o défice público, e não diminui-lo, olhe para a Grécia. Como noticia o Jornal de Negócios, o défice Grego em finais de Fevereiro deste ano foi de 1.028 milhões de euros. No mesmo período do ano passado (antes da austeridade) era inferior (944 milhões). As receitas caíram 9% e as despesas aumentaram 3,3%.

Em 2010 a economia grega encolheu 4% sobre uma contracção de 2,3% em 2009. E nos dois primeiros meses deste ano tem continuado a recuar. As receitas fiscais diminuíram 9% e as despesas aumentaram 3%.

Como é possível um défice aumentar com tanta austeridade? É simples: uma economia nacional não é a economia de uma família. Uma família que chega ao fim do mês com mais despesas que receitas pode reduzir o défice cortando as despesas (se não poder aumentar as receitas). Mas a redução das despesas de um estado (e o aumento das receitas com mais impostos) tem como efeito, em contexto de recessão, a contracção da procura, das vendas de bens e serviços, do emprego e do rendimento. A sua capacidade de cobrar impostos diminui e algumas despesas (nomeadamente prestações sociais) aumentam automaticamente.

Isto poderia não ser assim se as exportações aumentassem muito, ao mesmo tempo que diminuiam as importações. Mas numa Europa em que todos praticam a austeridade (inclusive os que dela não precisam) e que cresce pouco, as exportações não podem aumentar tanto quanto o necessário.

Faz de facto todo o sentido dizer que quando se quer reduzir o défice, nem sempre é uma boa ideia cortar o gasto público. Assim como me parece fazer sentido voltar a lembrar, em dia de PEC IV, que no fim do nosso túnel está a Grécia.

14 comentários:

LOUVA A GREVE PERMANENTE EM DEUS disse...

Castro Caldas o neurologista com
a crença na salvação dos livros dos sábios antepassados para as gerações futuras

ou outro Castro Caldas?

50 e tantos anos pelas referências aos túneis

e às luzes no fundo

descrição dos malefícios da contracção do dito cujo pelas harpias do PEC IV

so dep disse...

Took me time to read all of the comments, but I really loved the article. It proved to be very useful to me and I am positive to all the commenters right here! It is always good when you can't solely be informed, but additionally engaged! I am sure you had pleasure writing this article. Anyway, in my language, there aren't a lot good supply like this.

sim so dep disse...

Resources just like the one you mentioned here might be very useful to me! I will post a hyperlink to this page on my blog. I am positive my visitors will find that very useful. Massive thanks for the useful info i discovered on Area Information Anyway, in my language, there are not much good source like this.

linkwheel disse...

Have you ever considered including a little bit bit more than simply your ideas? I imply, what you say is essential and everything. However its obtained no punch, no pop! Maybe should you added a pic or two, a video? You may have such a extra highly effective weblog if you let folks SEE what youre speaking about instead of simply studying it. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.

linkwheel disse...

Have you ever considered including a little bit bit more than simply your ideas? I imply, what you say is essential and everything. However its obtained no punch, no pop! Maybe should you added a pic or two, a video? You may have such a extra highly effective weblog if you let folks SEE what youre speaking about instead of simply studying it. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.

linkwheel disse...

Have you ever considered including a little bit bit more than simply your ideas? I imply, what you say is essential and everything. However its obtained no punch, no pop! Maybe should you added a pic or two, a video? You may have such a extra highly effective weblog if you let folks SEE what youre speaking about instead of simply studying it. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.

linkwheel disse...

Have you ever considered including a little bit bit more than simply your ideas? I imply, what you say is essential and everything. However its obtained no punch, no pop! Maybe should you added a pic or two, a video? You may have such a extra highly effective weblog if you let folks SEE what youre speaking about instead of simply studying it. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.

linkwheel disse...

Have you ever considered including a little bit bit more than simply your ideas? I imply, what you say is essential and everything. However its obtained no punch, no pop! Maybe should you added a pic or two, a video? You may have such a extra highly effective weblog if you let folks SEE what youre speaking about instead of simply studying it. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.

linkwheel disse...

Have you ever considered including a little bit bit more than simply your ideas? I imply, what you say is essential and everything. However its obtained no punch, no pop! Maybe should you added a pic or two, a video? You may have such a extra highly effective weblog if you let folks SEE what youre speaking about instead of simply studying it. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.

gccf disse...

Took me time to read all of the comments, but I really loved the article. It proved to be very useful to me and I am positive to all the commenters right here! It is always good when you can't solely be informed, but additionally engaged! I am sure you had pleasure writing this article. Anyway, in my language, there aren't a lot good supply like this.

gulf coast claims facility disse...

Your weblog is fine. I simply need to touch upon the design. Its too loud. Its doing way an excessive amount of and it takes away from what youve bought to say --which I feel is de facto important. I dont know if you happen to didnt suppose that your phrases could hold everyones attention, however you have been wrong. Anyway, in my language, there usually are not a lot good source like this.

bp claims process disse...

I've been trying to Achieve access to this website for a while. I used to be using IE then when I tried Firefox, it labored just high-quality? Just wished to bring this to your attention. This is really good blog. I have a bunch myself. I actually admire your design. I know this is off subject however,did you make this design yourself,or buy from someplace? Anyway, in my language, there aren't a lot good source like this.

gccf claims disse...

Glorious info here. This interesting put up made me smile. Perhaps should you throw in a few footage it'll make the whole thing extra interesting. Anyway, in my language, there are not much good supply like this.

bp claims disse...

I used to be wondering if you want to be a guest poster on my web site? and in trade you may include a link your submit? Please reply whenever you get a chance and I will ship you my contact particulars - thanks. Anyway, in my language, there will not be much good supply like this.