sexta-feira, 1 de abril de 2011

Excesso de mercado, défice de democracia...

Excertos da economia sensata de Jean-Paul Fitoussi, ontem no Negócios: “De facto, hoje em dia os incendiários da economia global transformaram-se em fiscais e acusam os bombeiros de ter provocado as inundações (…) Existem pressões para reescrever a história desta crise, descrevendo os efeitos como se fossem as causas e culpar os governos que geriram a crise desde o início. De forma paradoxal, a sensação crescente de que se evitou uma catástrofe deu lugar a uma exigência, cada vez maior, para que os governos cortem os gastos públicos e sociais e diminuam os programas de investimento. As pessoas estão a regressar às políticas que provocaram a crise. (…) Talvez a questão mais importante a destacar seja o facto do caminho para uma maior competitividade, independentemente do custo, ir apenas agravar a crise. As políticas baseadas no crescimento das exportações só pode ser bem sucedido se existirem países dispostos a ter défices orçamentais. Tendo em conta que os desequilíbrios globais que levaram à crise continuam por resolver, o aumento da competitividade será uma vitória de Pirro que provocará uma grave redução dos níveis de vida e do consumo.”

Aproveito para relembrar excertos de uma entrevista que este economista keynesiano francês deu à Alternatives Economiques antes da crise, em 2007, onde sintetizava a perversa engrenagem criada pela configuração ainda em vigor na União Europeia, graças à qual os Estados perderam instrumentos de política económica, sem que essa perda tivesse sido compensada à escala europeia: "na ausência de outros instrumentos de política económica, é como se os governos só tivessem à sua disposição políticas tendentes a reduzir os custos relativos do trabalho através da concorrência fiscal e social". Na mesma entrevista, Jean-Paul Fitoussi comparava a União a uma "espécie de tragédia grega: a partir do momento em que os instrumentos de gestão da política económica estão bloqueados, os governos não têm outra escolha a não ser praticar políticas económicas que agravam a situação".

71 comentários:

Carlos Albuquerque disse...

Mas em Portugal o governo tem estado a estimular a economia com défices de 10% (2009 e 2010 sem PT) e as coisas não parecem melhorar muito.

Maquiavel disse...

CA, já chegámos à conclusäo de que Portugal é caso de estudo... NADA funciona, seja em que sistema for!!!

Venham de lá esses alemäes!

João Carlos Graça disse...

Lê-se isto e fica-se perplexo. Sim, as coisas correram realmente pior - do ponto de vista da "produção" - do que era de esperar por toda a gente.
Nesse sentido, sim, tragédia...
Mas a ideia central - do ponto de vista da "distribuição - esteve desde o princípio vertida no tal projecto: "na ausência de outros instrumentos de política económica, é como se os governos só tivessem à sua disposição políticas tendentes a reduzir os custos relativos do trabalho através da concorrência fiscal e social".
"Tragédia"? Não me parece muito bem.
Diria mais... "conspiração"? (Bem sei, bem sei, não se pode dizer isto alto, passa-se logo a maluquinho...)

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